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Cocos nucifera - Coconut tree

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Tender coconut

The Cocos nucifera is a member of the family Arecaceae. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. The spelling coconut is an archaic form of the word.


Ring worms, Cuts, Candidiasis, Psoriasis, Skin burns, Sunburns, Toothache, Dandruff, Baldness[1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, stems.

Chemical Composition

Per 100 g, the kernel is reported to contain 36.3 g H2O 4.5 g protein, 41.6 g fat, 13.0 g total carbohydrate, 3.6 g fiber, 1.0 g ash, 10 mg Ca, 24 mg P, 1.7 mg Fe, and traces of beta-carotene.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Tengina kayi, tengu
Hindi Nariya
Malayalam Thengu
Tamil Tennai
Telugu Kobbari chettu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Coconut


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy), Snigda (unctuous)


Sheeta (cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Vata, Pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Lanceolate The leaves, from 4 to 6 m long, are pinnate; they consist of linear-lanceolate, more or less recurved, rigid, bright green leaflets



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Yellow 6 Female flowers are borne basally, male flowers at apex. Flowers bear lanceolate petals, 6 stamens and an ovary consisting of 3 connate carpelst


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Big as a man’s head 4-8 cm thick Mesocarp and a woody endocarp; as it is rather light, it can be carried long distances by water while keeping its germinability for a long time smooth, grey-brownish epicarp single {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Coconuts grow well in lowland tropical regions as far as 26° north and south of the Equator and up to a maximum elevation of around 1,000 metres.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical seashores, Alluvial plains, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


External Links