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Citrullus colocynthis - Indravaruni

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Indravaruni, Citrullus colocynthis

Indravaruni is a perennial plant with a woody, tuberous rootstock from which grow long trailing or climbing stems. The plant has long been valued for its medicinal uses and is cultivated in some regions for this purpose.


Constipation, Fungal infection, Bacterial infection, Inflammation, Larvicidal, Cold, Cough [1]

Parts Used

Roots, Fruits

Chemical Composition

Colocynth contains up to 3% cucurbitacin. The drug and its preparations cause drastic irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa and haemorrhages.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Balibandrakshi, Daasamekke, Hara mekke kaayi, Kaada kavade, Kakkavade kaayi
Hindi Badi indrayan, Chota tarbooj, Indrayan
Malayalam Kattuvellari, Paikummatti
Tamil Antimarittan, Paitummatti, Intiravallarai, Intiravaruni
Telugu Chedu putcha kaaya, Chittipaapara, Paaparabudama, Erri puchcha
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aindri, Atmaraksha, Brihadvaruni, Brihatphala, Chitrala, Chitrapala, Indravaruni, Mrgabojani, Mahendravaruni
English Colocynth



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry), Teekshna (Sharp) ===Veerya=Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Pitta, Kapha






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Tendrils simple, rarely bifid, slender, glabrous.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Axillary Yellow Male flowers on long pedicels


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Pepo 5 cm across Globose, smooth, longitudinally green striped, 5-7 cm in diameter, eipcarp thin, filled with a dry spongy very bitter pulp Seeds numerous. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Easily cultivated from seed, as it grows rapidly, requiring no attention once fields have been sown. [6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. Chemical composition
  3. Vernacular names
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 124
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation details

External Links