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Cissus quadrangularis - Asthisamharaka

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Cissus quadrangularis, Asthisamharaka

Asthisamharaka is a perennial plant of the Grape family. It is also known as veldt grape, devil's backbone, adamant creeper, cissus quadrangularis, hadjod and pirandai. The plant grows throughout India especially in gotter regions and in Sri Lanka.


Bone Fracture, Low bone mineral density, Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, Joint pains, Hyperuricemia, Diarrhea, Rickets, Obesity, Internal Bleeding, Hemorrhoid, Improve digestion, Syphilis, Menorrhagia, Pyorrhea[1]


Asthisamharaka can be used in food. Young leaves and tender stems are cooked in curries. They are also used in preparation of papad[2].

Parts Used

Stem, Leaf.

Chemical Composition

The plant contains phytogenic steroid, ketosteroids, sitosterol, alphaamyrin, alpha-ampyrone and tetracyclic triterpenoids. [3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಮಂಗರವಲ್ಲಿ Mangaravalli, ಸಂದುಬಳ್ಳಿ Sanduballi
Hindi Harshankar
Malayalam Changalam paranda
Tamil Pindai, perandai
Telugu Nalleru
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Asthisamharaka
English Veld Grape


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)



Nutritional components

Asthisamharaka Contains the Following nutritional components like - Phytogenic steroid, Ketosteroids, Sitosterol; δ-amyrin, δ-amyrone; triterpenoids; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[2].


Scandent shrub



Kind Shape Feature
simple Ovate-suborbicular to reniform Leaf Apex is Round, Leaf Base is Round and Leaf Margin is Serrate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Umbellate cymes 10–15 cm long Greenish-yellow, red tipped Flowering throughout the year


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A globose berry Fruit is apiculate and green turning red when ripe Seed smooth Fruiting throughout the year {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


Cultivation Details

Cuttings with one or few segmengts can be planted. They require full sun and very warm conditions to thrive. A plant of drier to arid regions, mainly in the lowland tropics and frost-free subtropics, though it can also be found at elevations over 2,000 metres[6]. Asthisamharaka is available from January to June[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Lowland tropics, Subtropical area.

Photo Gallery


  1. Cissus Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.52, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemical composition
  4. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 125
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation Details

External Links