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Celastrus paniculatus - Jyotishmati

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Jyotishmati, Celastrus paniculatus

Jyotishmati is a deciduous, climbing shrub. The stems twine into the surrounding vegetation, helping to support themselves by means of hooked prickles. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of oil.


Memory loss, Rheumatic arthritis, Insomnia, Opium poisoning, Impotence, Piles, Wounds, Cough, Asthma, Stomachache, Indigestion, Constipation[1]


Jyotishmati can be used in food. Unripe fruits are boiled and eaten as vegetable[2].

Parts Used

Seed, Leaf, Root[3].

Chemical Composition

The seeds are reported to contain the alkaloids, celastrine and paniculatine, which are the active principles of the drug. [4]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bhavanga beeja, Gangunde kaayi, Gangunga hambu, Maala kanguni
Hindi Malakanguni, Mlkauni
Malayalam Ceruppunna, Palulavam, Paluzhavam
Tamil Carasvati, Acuvalakkal, Malgangunicinnavaluluvai
Telugu Baavanji, Gandumida,
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Agnibhasa, Jyotishlata, Jyotishmati, Supingala, Swarna lata
English Black oil plant



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Teekshna (Strong), Snigdha (Oily)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Vata, Kapha


Nutritional components

Jyotishmaticontains the Following nutritional components likeVitamin-C; Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Maganese, Potassium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Zinc[2]





Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Broadly ovate, apex abruptly acuminate, base ronded or acute, crenulate; petiole 6 mm long



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal and axillary panicles Yellowish white 5 Panicle to 15 x 8 cm, terminal, axillary, oblong; pedicel 6 mm long; flowers many. Flowering from February to May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A capsule 1cm Loculicidal, yellow Seeds 3, aril reddish Fruiting from February to May {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Abana, Kusum Keshavardhini Taila, Jariforte, Jyotishmatyadi Taila[7]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

Cultivation Details

Jyotishmati is available through september to December. Celastrus paniculatus can be grown from the warm temperate zone through to the tropics, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c. The plant fruits best when its roots are in the shade but its top growth can grow into a sunny position. It prefers a deep loamy soil. A gross feeder, it requires a rich soil. A rampant climber, it requires ample space and is best grown into an old tree.[2]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Semi-evergreen forest, Moist deciduous forest.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.43, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.197, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  4. Chemical composition
  5. Vernacular names
  6. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 119
  7. Ayurvedic properties

External Links