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Capparis zeylanica

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Ardanda (in Hindi) (4351096037).jpg

Capparis zeylanica is an evergreen climbing shrub. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and occasionally as a food.


Boils, Swellings, Haemorrhoids, Vomiting[1].


Capparis zeylanica can be used in food. Fruits are cooked as vegetable or pickled[2]

Parts Used

Fruit, Leaves[1]

Chemical Composition

Capparis zeylanica Linn. is reported to posses antioxidant, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and immunostimulant activity.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Govinda phala, Totteballi
Hindi Aradanda
Malayalam NA
Tamil Adondai
Telugu Vaminta
Marathi Govindi
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Vyaghranakhi
English Ceylon caper, Indian caper


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional component

Capparis zeylanica contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-C; Calcium, Iron, Manganese, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium[2].


Evergreen climber



Kind Shape Feature
Alternatively arranged Elliptic 3 - 6 cm long with rounded base and short stalk



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
4 -5 cm White, Pink Flowering season:February-March and September


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Fruiting season:February-March and September

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


Cultivation Details

A plant of low elevations in the tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 700 metres in areas with a distinct seasonal climate[5]. Capparis zeylanica is available through August to September[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Hedges, Brushwood, Savannahs, Forest borders.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.61, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.37, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemical constituents
  4. [Morphology]
  5. Cultivation

External Links