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Cannabis sativa - Bahuvadini

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Bahuvadini, Cannabis

Bahuvadini is an annual herbaceous plant in the species of the Cannabaceae family. People have cultivated Cannabis sativa throughout recorded history as a source of industrial fibre, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods, and medicine.


Cancer, Glaucoma, HIV, Muscle spasms, Seizures, Severe pain, Severe nausea.[1]

Parts Used

Seeds, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Most varieties contain cannabinol and cannabinin.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಭಂಗಿ Bhangi, ಗಾಂಜಾ ಗಿಡ Ganja gida
Hindi Bhang, Ganja, Charas
Malayalam Cherukanchava, Ginjilachilachi
Tamil Alatam, Ananta muli
Telugu Bangiaaku, Bangiaku, Gaanja chettu
Marathi Bhanga, Bhrnga
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri Banga
Sanskrit Bahuvadini, Banga
English Marijuana, Hemp, Gallow grass



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Branched shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Alternate Stipulate Long petiolate, palmate, with 3-11, rarely single, lanceolate, serrate, acuminate leaflets up to 10 cm long, 1.5 cm broad



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Monoecious 2.5 cm long Yellowish 5 poricidal stamens The female flowers germinate in the axils and terminally, with one 1-ovulate ovary.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Short legume 7-9 cm Late summer to early fall; year round in tropics Seeds weigh 1.5-2.5 gm/100 seeds. {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Propagation mainly by seed. Experimentally, drug plants have been propagated from cuttings but such plants do not come true as to drug content of parent.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Houseplant, Sea coast, Landscape.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:273
  2. Chemistry
  3. common names
  4. Description morphology
  5. Cultivation details

External Links