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Citrus maxima - Mallikapuspa

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Pomelo, Mallikapuspa

Citrus maxima is a citrus fruit with the appearance of a big grapefruit and it is native to South and Southeast Asia.


Ulcers, Cough, Dyspepsia, Painful swellings, Diabetes, Malaria, Urinary flow, Diarrhea, Sore throats

Parts Used

Leaves, Flowers, Fruits, Rind

Chemical Composition

The root-bark contains beta-sitosterol and acridone alkaloids. It also contains several coumarins. The alkaloids and coumarins show antimicrobial acitivity. The essential oil from the leaves and unripe fruits contain 20% limonin, 30% nerolol, 40% nerolyl acetate and 3% geraniol.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಚಕೋತ ಹಣ್ಣು Cakota hannu
Hindi Batawi-nimbu
Malayalam Kampilinaranna
Tamil Metukku
Telugu Pamparapanasa
Marathi Bampara
Gujarathi Papanas
Punjabi Chakotra
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Karuna
English Chinese grapefruit, Pomelo, Pompelmous



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Amla (sour), Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Snigda (heavy)


Ushna (Hot)


Amla (sour)


Vata, Kapha



Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple ovate-elliptic Sparsely pubescent to glabrous on the lower surface



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 16-24 Flowers large, pedicel pubescent


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
globose 13-17 cm Pulp yellow or pink-crimson, pulp vesicles lax, acid or slightly bitter With hooked hairs Seeds ridged {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Three main climates are suitable for commercial citrus production - tropical climates[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Temperate region.

Photo Gallery


External Links