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Borassus flabellifer - Talah

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Talah, Borassus flabellifer

Talah is a tall palm tree with fan shaped leaves found abundantly all along the Eastern Coast of India. The fruits are valued for their sweet jelly like pulp and inflorescence stalks which yield delicious neera.


Liver diseases, Spleen diseases, Inflammation, General debility, Acidity, Diarrhoea, Cough, Cold, Urine infection, Swelling, Mental disorder, Constipation, Wounds.[1][2]

Parts Used

Root, Leaf, Fruit, Flower[2].

Chemical Composition

The sap is an excellent source of biologically available riboflavin. Aqueous MeOH extract of young shoots contains heat-stable toxin; edible part of young shoot, neurotoxic to rats, but not hepatotoxic. [3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Kari thaale, Thaatiningu
Hindi Tad, Tari
Malayalam Ampana, Carim-pana, Carimpana, eta
Tamil Nonkupanai, Nungu, Panaimaram
Telugu Karatalamu, Karathaalamu, Naamathaadu, Tatichettu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Taladrumah, Talah, Trinaraja
English Palmyrah palm



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Slimy)


Sheeta (Cold)


Madhura (Sweet)


Vata, Pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Palmate Leaves plicately multifid.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Male flowers small, clustered; bracts scaly, secund, overlapping. Flowering from February to May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 13 cm across Fruits globose, black when ripe with 1-3 compressed pyrenes Fruiting from February to May

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Manikya rasa, Asanadi kashayam, Panaviraladi Bhasma[6]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Pre-soak for 24 hours in warm water and sow in containers or in situ. The seed is difficult to germinate, often taking 12 months or more. Scarifying it prior to soaking may reduce germination time. [7]

Season to grow

Required Ecosystem/Climate

Kind of soil needed

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Coastal area.

Photo Gallery


  1. Uses
  2. 2.0 2.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.525, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  3. Chemical composition
  4. Common names
  5. Botanic description
  6. Ayurvedic preparations
  7. Cultivation details

External Links