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Helicteres isora - Avartani

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Avartani, Helicteres isora

Avartani is a shrub or small tree. It can grow up to 8 metres tall. It is gathered from the wild and used locally as a medicine, the plant has also been experimentally cultivated as a fibre plant in India.

Uses

Diarrhea, Dysentery, Intestinal parasites.[1]

Parts Used

Bark, Root, Leaf.[2]

Chemical Composition

It contains three new compounds Glucopyranosyl rosmarinic acid and Lactic acid named as 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl isorinic acid etc.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಭೂತಕರುಳು Bhutakarulu, ಚುಚುಲು Chuchulu
Hindi Marodphali, Marorphali
Malayalam Ishvaramuli, Itampirivalampiri
Tamil Edampuri, Pirimurukku, Valampurikai
Telugu Aadasamanthi, Adivichamanthi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi Maror phali
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Avartani, Mrgasrngi
English Indian screw tree

. [4]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Karma

Pitta, Kapha

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate 5-12 x 3-8 cm, obovate to suborbicular, apex acute or acuminate, base cordate, margin irregularly crenate- serrate; 3-5-nerved at the base.

[5]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary, solitary or in few-flowered cymes Red 10 Bracts 2-3 mm long, linear, 2 brown glands present in the axil of bracts.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Follicles 4-6 cm long Spirally twisted, stellate-tomentose, beaked Seeds 2-3 mm long, angular, black, wrinkled Fruiting: September to November

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Helicteres isora is easily propagated by seed, but vegetative propagation with stem cuttings is also possible.[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Uses
  2. Karnataka Medicinal Plants-Vol 2 book by Dr. M. R. Gurudeva, Page no:103
  3. Joural paper of Chemical and Pharmaceutical bulletin.
  4. Vernacular names
  5. BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
  6. Cultivation details

External Links