Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Ballota nigra - Black horehound

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Ballota nigra

Ballota nigra is a perennial herb of the family Lamiaceae. It is native to the Mediterranean region and to central Asia. It is also naturalized in Argentina, New Zealand, and the Eastern United States. It blooms in the Northern Hemisphere from May to August.


Nervous dyspepsia, Travelling sickness, Morning sickness in pregnancy, Arthritis, Gout.

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

Ballota nigra contains diterpenoids like marrubiin, ballonigrin, ballotinone, ballotenol and 7-acetoxymarrubiin. Also, it contains phenylpropanoids that have shown to be antioxidants[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Avarike
Hindi Tarwar
Tamil Avarai
Telugu Taṃgēḍu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aaavartaki
English Avaram senna


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Perennial herb



Kind Shape Feature
Opposite Decussate Range from oval-lanceolate to heart-shaped, with crenate or dentate border. Leaves, dark green and usually pubescent, measure 3–8 cm per 2–6 cm, and have 1–3 cm petiole.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Length 9–10 mm, width 7 mm Purple to withish, pink Ovary is superior, with a single white style and a 2-parted stigma Flower has an actinomorphic calyx, made up by five sepals fused together in a tube with five teeths


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Cylindrical to ovoid 2 mm long Each fertilized flower produces a tetrad of black nutlets The basal end is flat and attached to the receptacle, while the top end is rounded or pointed. 12-20 seeds {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade[3]

Season to grow


Required Ecosystem/Climate


Kind of soil needed

Commonly seen growing in areas

Waste ground, Hedgerows, Shady places, Preferring nitrogen-rich, Moist

Photo Gallery


  1. Pharmacology
  2. Characteristics
  3. Cultivation details"\
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Season to grow
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Required Ecosystem/Climate

External Links