Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Balanites roxburghii - Ingudi

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Ingudi, Balanites roxburghii

Ingudi is a small very thorny tree found in the drier parts of India. It's hard fruits have long been used medicinally.


Skin diseases, Liver diseases, Spleen diseases, Antidote for poisoning, Leucoderma, Relieves headache, Improves lactation, Gallbladder Stone. [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Fruit.

Chemical Composition

The plant is reported to be a potential source of diosgenin (used in oral contraceptives). The fruit pulp contains steroidal saponins. The diosgenin content of the fruit varies from 0.3 to 3.8%. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ingala Kayi, Ingalike
Hindi Hingot, Hingol, hingan
Malayalam Namunta, Nanchunta
Tamil Nanchundan
Telugu Garachettu, Gari
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Tapasataru, Tiktaka
English Desert date, Soapberyy tree



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Oily)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
2-foliate Alternate Leaves alternate. Leaf rachis up to 1cm long, leaflets elliptic lanceolate, entire, acute or obtuse at apex, 3.2 x 2 cm



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Cyme Greenish white 5 Cyme 3-6 flowered, pedicel to 0.8 cm long, calyx lobes ovate, 0.35 cm long, grey pubescent without, villous within, 0.5 cm long


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 4.5-2.5 cm long Fruit a capsule The fleshy pulp of both unripe and ripe fruit is edible and can be eaten dried or fresh {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seeds must be depulped by saoking in water for several hours. The seeds can be soaked in boiling water for 7-10 minutes and left to cool slowly, as this hastens germination.[5]

Season to grow

Required Ecosystem/Climate

Kind of soil needed

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Arid area.

Photo Gallery


External Links