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Balanites roxburghii - Ingudi

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Ingudi, Balanites roxburghii

Ingudi is a small very thorny tree found in the drier parts of India. It's hard fruits have long been used medicinally.

Uses

Skin diseases, Liver diseases, Spleen diseases, Antidote for poisoning, Leucoderma, Relieves headache, Improves lactation. [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Seeds, Bark

Chemical Composition

The plant is reported to be a potential source of diosgenin (used in oral contraceptives). The fruit pulp contains steroidal saponins. The diosgenin content of the fruit varies from 0.3 to 3.8%. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ingala, ingalike, ingaleeka
Hindi hingot, hingol, hingan
Malayalam namunta, nanchunta
Tamil nanchundan
Telugu gara-chettu, gari, ingudi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit tapasataru, tiktaka, tiktarnajja, vinashaka, angaravruksha, vigandhaka
English Desert date, soapberyy tree

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Oily)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

{{Habit|Shrub/Tree}

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
2-foliate Alternate Leaves alternate. Leaf rachis up to 1cm long, leaflets elliptic lanceolate, entire, acute or obtuse at apex, 3.2 x 2 cm

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Cyme greenish white 5 Cyme 3-6 flowered, pedicel to 0.8 cm long, calyx lobes ovate, 0.35 cm long, grey pubescent without, villous within, 0.5 cm long

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Drupe 4.5-2.5 cm long Fruit a capsule The fleshy pulp of both unripe and ripe fruit is edible and can be eaten dried or fresh {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds must be depulped by saoking in water for several hours. The seeds can be soaked in boiling water for 7-10 minutes and left to cool slowly, as this hastens germination. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Arid area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links