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Caryota urens - Sritalah

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Sritalah, Caryota urens

Sritalah is a large palm tree that can be found growing in the evergreen forests of the western ghats and planted freely throughout India. Traditionally the tree has been used to make toddy and starch is extracted from the inner stem.


Arthritis, Burning sensation, Migraine, Snake bites [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Fruits, Sap

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bagani mara, Bagini, Bagni, Baina, Baine, Bainemara, Baini
Hindi Ban-khajur, Mari, Mari ka jhat, Marikajhad
Malayalam Anapana, Anapanna, Anapanne, Anappana, Chundapana
Tamil Ataku, Atakumaram, Atam, Kuntalapanai, Kuntar panai
Telugu Bakini, Chirugu, Chirugu chettu, Cirugu, Gukatad, Jeeluga, Jeeluga chettu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Hoajavriksha, Dirgha, Mada, Madadruma, Madyadru, Madyadruma, Mohakari, Rajju, Sritalah, Vitanaka
English Fishtail palm



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (Heavy)


Sheeta (cold)









Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate 4-6 m long; pinnae 5-7 pairs, to 1.5 m long; leaflets broadly cuneate, fan-shaped, 12-20 cm long, 7-10 cm wide at wider portion, raemorse at apex, many ribbed.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Monoecious Spadix Yellow Many Spadix interfoliar, shortly peduncled, much branched, pendulous, to 4 m long; spathes few, 40-50 cm long. Flowers many, in triads with female flower in the middle. Sepals 3, rounded, imbricate. Petals linear-oblong, valvate. Stamens many. Ovary 3-celled, 3-gonous; ovule 1-per locule.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
2 cm across Globose, reddish purple; seeds plano-convex, subreniform. {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Seed - At room temperature the seeds remain viable for 30 - 90 days, depending on storage conditions. An experiment in Sri Lanka on the effect of seed storage and exposure to sunlight revealed a germination rate of 99% for seeds sown after 30-day storage in a dark room. Seed germinate in 2-4 months. Seedlings can tolerate sun while quite small. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub Tropical area

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