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Bacopa monnieri - Brahmi
Bacopa Monnieri is a non-aromatic herb. Its ability to grow in water makes it a popular aquarium plant. It can even grow in slightly brackish conditions.The whole herb is used medicinally in India in a variety of ways. Bacopa is a genus of 70–100 aquatic plants belonging to the family Plantaginaceae.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Season to grow
- 13 Required Ecosystem/Climate
- 14 Kind of soil needed
- 15 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 16 Photo Gallery
- 17 References
- 18 External Links
Brahmi contains the alkaloids brahmine, herpestine. It contains saponins namely bacosides A and B. It also contains betulic acid, stigmasterol, monnierin and hersaponin. Bacosides A and B on hydrolysis gives triterpenoid aglycone bacogenins A and B respectively.
|Kannada||ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಿ Brahmi, ಕಿರು ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಿ Kiru brahmi|
|Tamil||Neer brahmi, Pirami|
|English||Indian pennywort, Moneywort|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
|Small||Oval||Leaves that are succulent and relatively thick, Brahmi leaves grow alternately on the soft hairy stem|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Unisexual||White-purplish||Five petals||Brahmi flowers bloom in most months of the year. Flowering throughout the year|
|Oval||Brahmi fruit is oval and sharp at apex with hooked hairs||Fruitig throughout the year|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
The plant is propagated by soft herbaceous cuttings. For mass propagation, whole plant is cut into small divisions and planted directly in the sunken beds. About 62,500 nos. of cuttings required for planting one hectare area.
Season to grow
It prefers part to full sun and It prefers Summer season.
It is found at altitudes up to 1300 m. Near-neutral, clayey loam to clayey soils are best suited for the growth of Bacopa monnieri. In North India, it can grow in a wide range of temperatures (15–40 oC) and soil pH (5–7.5).
Kind of soil needed
The plant occurs in a variety of soil types if the habitat provides wet and semi-shade conditions.