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Azima tetracantha - Trikantajata

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Trikantajata, Azima tetracantha

Trikantajata is a much-branched, spiny, evergreen shrub growing from 0.5 - 3 metres tall. Usually erect with arching branches, the plant sometimes adopts a more climbing habit. The spines are axillary, in pairs up to 4cm long. The plant is harvested from the wild mainly for local use as a medicine. This herb is belongs to Salvadoraceae family.[1]


Brochitis, Cough, Asthma, Diabetes, Diarrhea, Arthritis, Rat bits, Bleeding, Dysentry.[2]

Parts Used

Whole plant

Chemical Composition

The leaves contain the alkaloids azimine, azcarpine and carpine.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bilee uppina gida, Ganjimullu, Yagachi mullu
Hindi Kantagurkamai
Malayalam Sankunkuppi
Tamil Ancirikacceti, Anji
Telugu Mundla kampa, Tella uppi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kantangur, Kundali



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light)


Ushna (Hot)


Madhura (Sweet)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite Spine axillary, usually 4, straight, to 2.5 cm, grooved, branchlets tetragonous, pubescent. Leaves opposite, 3 x 2 cm, ovate, mucronate, base obtuse, margin thickened, coriaceous, nerves 3 pairs near the base; petiole to 5 mm.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Axillary and terminal spike Pale yellow 4 10 cm long; flowers clustered, white, unisexual; bracts 2 x 1 mm, ovate, mucronate, pubescent; calyx 1 mm, campanulate, bilobed, pubescent; petals 4, 2 x 1 mm, oblong; stamens 4, free, alternating with petals, filaments 1 mm, anthers 1 mm, pistillode absent.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A globose berry 0.5 - 1 cm 1–2-seeded, green turning white, with persistent stigma Seeds disk-like, brown to black. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Season to grow

Soil type


Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:41
  2. Uses
  3. Chemical composition
  4. Vernacular names
  5. Botonic description

External Links