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Artocarpus heterophyllus - Panasa, Jackfruit

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Panasa, Artocarpus heterophyllus

Panasa, is a very important multipurpose tree with a wide range of uses, it is particularly valued for its fruit. The tree is widely cultivated in tropical regions, especially southeast Asia and Brazil, for its edible fruit and seed. There are many named varieties

Uses

Wound healing, Inflammation, Skin diseases, Ulcers, Stops bleeding [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves, Heartwood, Seeds

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada halasina hannu
Hindi kathal
Malayalam plavu, chakka
Tamil palamaram
Telugu panasa
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit apuspaphala, kantakiphala, panasa
English Jackfruit

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura (Sweet), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Slimy)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Madhura (Sweet)

Karma

Pitta, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate 8-23 x 3-13 cm, obovate, obovate-oblong, or elliptic-ovate, apex acute or obtuse, base acute, round or cuneate, margin entire, glabrous and shining above and scabrous beneath; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, arched, intercostae scalariform, prominent; stipules 3-5 cm long, lateral, ovate-lanceolate, sheathing, glabrous, cauducous; petiole 20-40 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual Spikes Greenish yellow 1 male from young branches, catkin narrow-cylindric; perianth 2-lobed, puberulous; stamen 1; filament somewhat flattened, stout; anthers ovate-oblong; female catkins from the trunk and mature branches, more massive, perianth with strongly projecting conical apex; ovary 0.3 mm, superior, globose-obovoid; style exserted; stigma spathulate.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Sorosis 30-45 x 20-25 cm Oblong, tuberculate, tubercles conical yellowish-green, fruiting perianth yellow to light orange, fleshy Seeds 10-12 x 8-10 mm, elliptic-oblong, smooth, glossy. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - under suitable conditions, germination begins within 10 days, and 80-100% germination is achieved within 35-40 days after sowing. The seed quickly loses viability and so should be sown as soon as possible. Seedlings produce a long taproot and can be difficult to transplant, so it is best to pot them up into deep pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and to plant them out into their permanent positions as soon as possible. The seed germinates best at a temperature of 24 - 27c. Root cuttings. Air layering. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links