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Aquilaria agallocha - Agaru
Ksharaka, Agar wood is an evergreen tree growing up to 49 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller at around 20 metres. The bole can be up to 60cm in diameter. The aromatic resin obtained from this tree is one of the most famous and most expensive on the planet. It has a very long history of use in religious ceremonies, at funerals etc in the Orient and is widely sought after as an ingredient in perfumery. Commonly harvested from the wild, trials are being carried out into growing it in plantations.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
The essential oil yields a number of agarofurans, sesquiterpene alcohols and spirosesquiterpene alcohols. The stemwood yields sesquiterpenoids—gmelofuran and agarol; also a coumarinolignan—aquillochin. 
|Kannada||agaru, agaru gandha, krishnagaru|
|Malayalam||akil, karakil, kayagahru|
|Tamil||akilmaram, akkuru, kalimankam|
|Telugu||agaru, agaru chettu, krishnagaru|
|Sanskrit||kamboji, ksharaka, kucandanah,tamraka|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
|Simple||alternate||simple, penni-veined with wavy horizontal tertiary venation, glabrous; stipules absent.|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Bisexual||axillary and terminal panicles||Pale yellow||Flowers ca. 5 mm diameter in white-yellow with corolla tube and form in panicles|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
Seeds mature during July-August. It loses viability soon. Thus seeds are sown within a week of collection. Raising seedlings in poly-bag is preferred. Seed germination is more than 80%.