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Aquilaria agallocha - Agaru

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Agaru, Aquilaria agallocha

Ksharaka, Agar wood is an evergreen tree growing up to 49 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller at around 20 metres. The bole can be up to 60cm in diameter. The aromatic resin obtained from this tree is one of the most famous and most expensive on the planet. It has a very long history of use in religious ceremonies, at funerals etc in the Orient and is widely sought after as an ingredient in perfumery. Commonly harvested from the wild, trials are being carried out into growing it in plantations.

Uses

Wound healing, Skin diseases, Worm infestation, Cough,Cold, Asthma. [1]

Parts Used

Wood

Chemical Composition

The essential oil yields a number of agarofurans, sesquiterpene alcohols and spirosesquiterpene alcohols. The stemwood yields sesquiterpenoids—gmelofuran and agarol; also a coumarinolignan—aquillochin. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada agaru, agaru gandha, krishnagaru
Hindi agar
Malayalam akil, karakil, kayagahru
Tamil akilmaram, akkuru, kalimankam
Telugu agaru, agaru chettu, krishnagaru
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit kamboji, ksharaka, kucandanah,tamraka
English Agarwood

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Vata, Kapha

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple alternate simple, penni-veined with wavy horizontal tertiary venation, glabrous; stipules absent.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual axillary and terminal panicles Pale yellow Flowers ca. 5 mm diameter in white-yellow with corolla tube and form in panicles

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 19mm across Greenish {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds mature during July-August. It loses viability soon. Thus seeds are sown within a week of collection. Raising seedlings in poly-bag is preferred. Seed germination is more than 80%. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links