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Aphanamixis polystachya - Rohithaka

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Rohithaka, Aphanamixis polystachya

Rohithaka is a tall evergreen tree with imparipinnate leaves. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials. The seed oil is a commercially valuable product in India, where it is used in making soap. The tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental.

Uses

Fever, Ulcers, Skin diseases, Diabetes, Eye diseases, Jaundice, Hemarrhoids, Jaundice, Burning sensation, Rheumatism [1]

Parts Used

Seeds, Roots, Leaves, Barks.

Chemical Composition

The stembark contains a limonoid, ammorinin and a saponin, poriferasterol-3-rhamnoside. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada hottenola, mukhya mutthage, mukhyamuttage, roheethaka
Hindi harinhara, harinkhana
Malayalam cemmaram
Tamil Kattuk-Kasturi, Kasturivendai
Telugu chevamanu, rohitaka
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit sitapushpa, aptavha, sarvajanapriya, shuklarohita, rohitakah
English

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Vaata, Pitta

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Alternate crowded at the end of branchlets, estipulate; leaflets 7-15, opposite, 4.5-25 x 2.5-6.5 cm, lowest pair smaller, ovate-oblong or oblanceolate, acute, apex acute or acuminate, base oblique, margin entire, undulate, coriaceous, glabrous above and glabrescent beneath; rachis 12-44.6 cm long, stout, pubescent, swollen at base, grooved above till the lowest leaf pairs, lateral nerves 7-13 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Polygamous 70 cm long Whitish yellow axillary, drooping; pedicel 2-6 mm long; sepals 5, orbicular, thick; petals 3, white, orbicular; staminal tube 4 mm long, globose; anthers 6, oblong, included; ovary superior, ovoid, pubescent, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; stigma 3-lobed, subsessile.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 2.5-3.5 x 3 cm 3-lobed, glabrous yellow or purplish; seeds 2 or 3, oblong, with a scarlet aril. Seeds black {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

No pretreatment required, seeds germinate easily in polybags or beds.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links