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Anthocephalus cadamba - Kadamba, Wild cinchona

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Toothache plant

Wild cinchona or Kadamba scientifically known as Neolamarckia cadamba is a large, evergreen tree with beautiful & unique flowers. It is a fast growing tree with a broad crown and is even planted sacredly near temples.

Uses

Diabetes, Cancer, Fungal infections, Musculo-skeletal diseases, High cholesterol, Triglycerides, Parasitic infection, Digestive disturbances.

Parts Used

Barks, Flowers, Leaves, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

The preliminary phytochemical screening of Anthocephalus cadamba whole plant showed the presence of saponins, terpenes, sesquiterpenes glycosides, alkaloids and absence of anthraquinones and flavonoids. A variety of phytoconstituents, such as cadambine, cadamine, β-sitosterol, quinovic acid, chlorogenic acid[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada NA
Hindi kadam, kadamb
Malayalam atuthekku, kadambu, attutek, attuttekka
Tamil kadambu, kathambu, kola aiyila, acokari, ruttiratcakatampu
Telugu begada, kadamba, kadambakamu, kadambamu, kadambe
Marathi kalamb, kadam, kadamb
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit kadamba, vrattapuspa, sisupala
English NA


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite 10-25 x 6-12 cm, ovate or elliptic-oblong, apex acuminate, base truncate or obtuse, margin entire, glabrous above, pubescent beneath; stipules interpetiolar, lanceolate, cauducous; petiole 20-45 mm, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 10-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae scalariform, prominent.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 5-6 x 3-4 mm creamish yellow 5 Flowers bisexual, yellowish, in globose heads, 2-4.5 cm across. Calyx tube 2-3 mm in diameter, tube globose, lobes 5, 5-6 x 3-4 mm, membranous. Corolla tube 6-8 mm long, lobes 5, oblong, acute, 3-4 cm long, glabrous. Stamens 5, 3 mm long, anthers sagittate, sessile. Ovary 3-4 mm long, 2-celled at base, 4-celled above, inferior, ovules many; style exserted to 5-6 mm, entire; stigma clavate.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
capsule Fruit a capsule on a fleshy globose receptacle, 3.5-5 cm across, orange yellow, capsule membranous; seeds many, angular, minute. Flowering and fruiting April to August

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

[3]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds are mixed with sand and broadcasted, and the seeds are patted down, taking care not to bury them.[4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links