Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Angelica archangelica - Granthiparna, ksemaka

From Ayurwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Granthiparna, Angelica

Angelica archangelica is a genus of about 60 species of tall biennial and perennial herbs in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, reaching as far north as Iceland and Lapland and Greenland. It is also known as Angelica, canda, Chora etc.

Uses

Heartburn, Intestinal gas, Anorexia, Arthritis, Circulation problems, Nervousness, Plague, Diarrhea, Insomnia.

Parts Used

Roots, Stem, Seeds, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

The essential oil is composed of various chemical constituents such as; a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, a-phellandrene, myrcene, limonene, b-phellandrene, cis-ocimene, trans-ocimene, p-cymene, terpinolene, copaene, bornyl acetate, terpinen-4-ol, cryptone, b-bisabolene, rho-cymen-8-ol, humulene oxide, tridecanolide and pentadecanolide[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi Chora
Malayalam
Tamil
Telugu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Canda, Coraka, Granthiparna, Ksemaka, Taskara
English Smooth Angelica


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Katu (Pungent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)

Veerya

Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kaphahara, Mutrala, Vatahara, Visaghna, Svasahara, Varnaprasadaka, Svedaghna, Kandughna, Daurgandhahara

Prabhava

Habit

Endangered plant

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate Alternate triangular, 20-30 × 20-25 cm, 2-3-ternate-pinnate, primary pinnae long-petiolulate, proximal pinnules 3-foliolose.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
bisexual 15-25 cm across Greenish-yellow 5 Flowering: June-August and in flowers bracts are 5, linear, 1.5-2.5 cm, reflexed

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oblong-ellipsoid 0.8-1.2 cm × 4-6 mm with dorsal ribs prominent, thick, obtuse-rounded, lateral ribs broad-winged Smooth Angelica in India is found in the Western Himalaya in Jammu & Kashmir many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Cultivate in ordinary deep, moist loam, in a shady position, as the plant thrives best in a damp soil and loves to grow near running water[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Wild in Scandinavia, Greenland, Iceland.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links