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Althaea officinalis - Khatmī

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Khatmī

Khatmī consists of the root of Althaea officinalis Linn. (Fam. Malvaceae) a perennial, uniformly downy herb, occurring in Kashmir region.

Uses

Inflammation, Alimentary canal, Respiratory organs, Gastritis, Peptic ulceration, Stomach acid, Insect bites, Skin inflammations, Peptic ulceration, Splinters, Sprains, Bruises

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Galacturonic acid, galactose, glucose, xylose & rhamnose,polysaccharide althaea mucilage-O, asparaginene, betaine, lecithin and phytosterol, polysaccharides.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada
Hindi Khatmi
Malayalam
Tamil Khatmi
Telugu Khatmi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Khatmi
English Marsh Mallow


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Madhura

Guna

Snigdha, Picchila, Guru

Veerya

Śīta

Vipaka

Madhura

Karma

Vatahara, Pittahara, Mūtrala, Vedanāsthāpana, Kaphaghna

Prabhava

Habit

Perennial plant

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple ovate-cordate Leaf arrangement is alternate, entire or three to five lobed, irregularly toothed at the margin, and thick.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long pink Flowering throughout the year and In terminal and/or axillary pseudoracemes

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oblong pod Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled seeds upto 5 Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in late summer, the germination is often erratic. Stratification can improve germination rates and time. [3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

The upper margins of salt marshes, Brackish marshes, Sides of ditches, Grassy banks near the sea

Photo Gallery

References

  1. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-14
  2. [ "Morphology"]
  3. "Cultivation detail"

External Links