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Albizia lebbeck - Shirisha

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Shirisha, Albizia lebbeck

Shirisha is a beautiful large deciduous tree found throught India and up to 900m in the Himalayas. The greenish-yellow flowers appear in abundance during the summer filling the air with a rich aroma.

Uses

Inflammation, Herpes, Skin diseases, Cold and cough, Gastric, Blotches, Pimples, Diarrhea, Sore throats [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

Flavonoids, triterpenoids and triterpenoid saponins; oleanolic acid, albigenic acid, albigenin and acacic acid. The bark contains 7–11% condensed tannin; also d-catechin and d-leucocyanidin. Alcoholic extract of stembark contains cardenolide glycosides of digitoxin nature. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada baage, baage mara, kallu baage
Hindi siris, siras
Malayalam chelinge, kattuvaka, nenmani, nenmeni
Tamil vaagai, vellaivenkai, kattuvakai
Telugu baagichettu, billa, billa vaara, dirisana, dirisanamu, sirasamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Shirisha, krishnashirisha, mridupushpa, shukapushpa, vishanashana
English Siris

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter), Madhura (Sweet)

Guna

Tikta (Bitter), Rooksha (Dry), Teeksha(Piercing)

Veerya

Ishat Ushna (Slightly hot)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Kapha, Pitta, Vata

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate Alternate pinnae 2-4 pairs, 5.5-12 cm long, slender, glabrous, opposite, even pinnate, leaflets 8-20, opposite, even pinnate, petiolule to 1 mm long, a gland in between each leaflets, 2.7-5 x 1-2.5 cm, obliquely oblong, base of one half cuneate, other round, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous above and slightly pubescent beneath, coriaceous; midrib towards distal margin,stipulate; stipules small, free, lateral, cauducous; rachis 7-9 cm long, slender, grooved above, with a gland at its base, glabrous, pulvinate; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
bisexual 3.5-3.7 cm long Greenish-white Many solitary or 2-4 together in axillary corymbose racemes; peduncle 6-8 cm; bracts linear, cauducous; pedicels to 3 mm. Calyx tube funnel-shaped pubescent, 3-4.5×1.5-3 mm, teeth triangular. Petals united infundibuliform 7-10 mm long, greenish, lobes 5, lanceolate, pubescent without. Stamens many, filament tube shorter than corolla tube, filaments long exserted, green or pink; anthers very small. Ovary subsessile, glabrous, style 2.5 cm, filiform; stigma minute.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A pod 20-30 x 4-5 cm flat, oblong, compressed, straw coloured, base and apex obtuse, turgid above the seeded region seeds 8-12, 6-10 x 5-8 mm, ovate, dull dark brown, flattened. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Can be easily grown from seed.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Road sides.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links