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Alangium salvifolium - Ankola, Sage leaved alangium

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Ankola

Aṅkolah consist of dried leaf of Alangium salviifolium (Linn. F.) Wang. Syn. A. lamarckii Thw.; (Fam. Alangiaceae), a small tree found over the plains and foothills throughout India.

Uses

Piles, Dropsy, Hypertension, Diarrhoea, Fever, Back pain, Blood disorders, Snake and Rat bites, Leprosy, Skin diseases, Vomiting, Rheumatic pains

Parts Used

Leaves, Flowers, Fruits, Seeds, Ankol root bark, Ankol Oil.

Chemical Composition

Alkaloids (Alangimarckine, deoxytubulosine, ankorine); campesterol, episterol, stigmast-5,22,25-trien-3 β-ol, alangidiol and isoalangidiol. [1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ankolimara, Ansaroli, Arinjil, Ankol
Hindi Ankol, Ankora, Dhera
Malayalam Ankolam, Velittanti, Irinjil, Chemmaram
Tamil Alangi, Ankolum, Atikoevam
Telugu Ankolamu, Udagu, Urgen
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aṅkola, Dīrghakīla, Nikochaka, Tāmraphala, Gupta Sneha
English Sage leaved alangium


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Kaṭu, Kaṣāya, Tikta

Guna

Laghu, Snigdha, Tīkṣṇa

Veerya

Uṣṇa

Vipaka

Kaṭu

Karma

Kaphahara, Recaka, Pārada, Mūtrala, Vāmaka, Jvaraghna.

Prabhava

Habit

Deciduous tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Oblong Leaf Arrangement is alternate

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long white Flowering and fruiting is from February to June in axillary cymes or fascicles

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
berry 2-3 x 1-1.5 cm subglobose 1 fruit turns red when ripe

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Stem cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Fruits are depulped and seeds planted in beds or polybags. Succeeds in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil and requires a position in full sun.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Lowland rainforest, Riverine forest, Dry forests

Photo Gallery

References

  1. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-21
  2. [ "Morphology"]
  3. "Cultivation details"

External Links