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Adenia hondala - Vidari

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Adenia hondala

Adenia hondala is a genus of flowering plants in the passion flower family Passifloraceae. It is distributed in the Old World tropics and subtropics. The centers of diversity are in Madagascar, eastern and western tropical Africa, and Southeast Asia. The genus name Adenia comes from aden reported as the Arabic name for the plant by Peter Forsskal, the author of the genus.


Intestinal worms, Allergy, Tumor, Skin eruptions, Insect bites, Chicken pox, Itching, Diabetes.


Vidari can be used in food. Leaves are cooked as vegetable[1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Fruits[1]

Chemical Composition

It contains Lanceolin, Stenodactylin, and Volkensin etc[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಕಾಡು ತೊಂಡೆ Kaadu tonde, ಕೆಮ್ಪು ಚೆಂಡು ಹಣ್ಣಿನ ಬಳ್ಳಿ Kempu chendu hannina balli
Hindi NA
Malayalam Karimutukk, Mutukk
Tamil NA
Telugu Modika
Marathi Kondala, Nandanbhopali
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Vidari
English Hondala



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Vidari contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-A, B and C; Tannins; Flavonoides; Alkaloids; glycosides; Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[1]





Kind Shape Feature
Simple lobed Stems are thick at nodes, leaf large and deeply palmately lobed



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long greenish 5-20 Flowers are large, greenish, bell-shaped with petals curled back. Fruit is green when immature, orange when ripe


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
3-valved capsule 4-8cm rounded Fruit is partly responsible for the accidental poisoning among children many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

Cultivation Details

Easily grown in most soils, preferring a calcareous soil. Thrives in a dry lightly shaded position, though it prefers full sun. Plants usually self-sow quite freely when growing in a suitable position. The seeds are contained in burrs that can easily attach themselves to clothing or animal's fur, thus transporting them to a new area where they can germinate and grow[5]. Vidari's availability period is from September to January[1]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Shrublands, Open woodlands, Grasslands, Floodplains.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.17, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Chemical contents
  3. Common name
  4. Plant description
  5. Cultivation

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