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Achyranthes bidentata- Kaadu Uttharaani

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Shveta Apamarga, Achyranthes bidentata

Achyranthes bidentata is a perennial plant growing 70 - 120cm tall. The plant is often harvested from the wild, mainly for use as a medicine, but also as a food and source of a toothbrush. It is widely cultivated in China, especially in Henan Province, as a medicinal plant and as a food plant.

Uses

Inflammation, Piles, Urinary problems, Menstrual problems, Whooping cough [1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Root, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

A water-soluble oligosaccharide, composed of six glucose units and three mannose units, has been isolated from the roots The roots contain free oleanolic acid (0.096%) and its saponins (1.93%). An alcoholic extract of the root showed presence of amino acids, steroids, triterpenoids, alkaloids and coumarins. The seeds afforded achyranthin. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada kaadu uttharaani
Hindi putkanda
Malayalam
Tamil Naayurivi
Telugu
Marathi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit Shveta Apamarga
English
[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Opposite 10-16 x 2-2.5 cm, linear-lanceolate, apex acuminate, thinly pubescent; nerves 7-9 pairs; petiole 5 mm long.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary and terminal Spike axillary and terminal, 15-30 cm long, narrow, glabrous; bracts 4 x 1.5 mm, lanceolate, long-aristate; bracteoles 3 mm long, entire, aristate. Flowers distant; tepals equal, 7 x 1.5 mm, lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Achenes 3 x 1.5 mm cylindrical, longitudinally striate, reddish-brown.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Evergreen forest, Tropical area, Sub tropical area, Himalayas

Photo Gallery

References

External Links