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Acacia farnesiana - Vitkhadira

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Vitkhadira, Acacia farnesiana

Vitkhadira is a small, spiny, much-branched, deciduous shrub or tree with a wide, low crown; it can grow 2 - 7 metres tall. The short, crooked bole can be 15 - 35cm in diameter. The plant can form dense, spiny thickets. A multipurpose tree with a wide range of uses as a food, medicine, perfume and source of materials.


Oral problems, Diarrhea, Inflammation, Cough, Itching, Urinary tract disorders [1]

Parts Used

Stem, Bark, Heartwood

Chemical Composition

Ripe pods contain tannins and several polyphenolic compounds. Essential oil from pods. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada byadala gida, jaali, kashturi, karijali, kasturi jaali
Hindi durgandhakhair, gandhi-babul, guhbabul, pissibabul
Malayalam kariveelum, pauvelam, pikharu-vil
Tamil arimetam, kacappuppivelamaram, kasturivel, kirimetam, peyvel
Telugu arimidamu, kampu tumma, kasthoori thumma, murikitumma, piyyathumma
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit arimedah, godhaskanda, kalaskandha, Vitkhadir
English cassie



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Sheeta (cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Pitta, Kapha



Shrub or small tree



Kind Shape Feature
Bipinnate alternate Leaves ca. 5 in a cluster, 2-7 cm; pinnae 5 pairs, 1-2.5 cm; leaflets 10-15 pairs, elliptic, 5 x 1 mm, overlapping, glabrous, base truncate, margin entire, apex obtuse; nerves prominent below; petiole to 1.5 cm, with a gland near the middle; rachis stiff-pubescent, eglandular; stipular thorns unequal, to 2 cm, straight.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual axillary globose heads yellow Many Flower-heads globose, 8 mm across, 2 or 3 in axillary cluster, to 2 cm; peduncle densely stiff-pubescent, with involucel of bracteoles at the base. Flowers 2 mm across. Calyx-tube 5-toothed, to 1.5 mm. Petals 5, yellow, to 2 mm. Stamens numerous, to 4 mm, basally connate. Ovary stipitate, terete, to 1 mm; style to 3 mm.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 5 x 0.5 cm pulpy, turgid, glabrous, obtuse at apices, horned seeds 20 or more, globose, 0.5 mm, 2-seriate. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds germinate readily. For faster germination, they may be scarified and soaked in water overnight before sowing.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical areas.

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