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Abelmoschus esculentus - Bhenda

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bhenda, Abelmoschus esculentus

Okra is an annual plant growing about 1.5 metres tall. The plant is widely cultivated in warm temperate to tropical areas for its edible seedpods. It has various other edible and medicinal uses as well as being the source of a good fibre.

Uses

Digestive problems, Syphilis, Cuts, Wounds, Boils, Dysuria, Skin problems, Ardor urinae, Gonorrhoea, Dandruff. [1]

Parts Used

Seeds, Fruits

Chemical Composition

The ripe fruits contain quercetin, hyperin (hyperoside), hydrolysate of precipitated mucilage, proanthocyanidins, D-glucose, D-glucuronic and galacturonic acids. Fresh flowers contain flavonol glycosides and anthocyanins. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Bende Kaayi
Hindi Bhendi, Bhindi
Malayalam Venda, Venta, Ventak-kaya
Tamil Ventai, Vendai, Vendaik-kay, Vendaikkai
Telugu Benda, Bendakaya
Marathi Benda, Bhajichi-bhendi, Bhendi
Gujarathi
Punjabi
Kashmiri
Sanskrit NA
English Okra ladies Finger

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Palmately lobed, transversely orbicular, about 4-13 x 5-16 cm across, base cordate, 5-7 nerved, lobes about 3-7, ovate-oblong, ovate-triangular, with about 2-3 lobules, margins crenate-dentate, rarely entire, adpressed pubescent with stiff simple hairs both above and beneath, becoming glabrescent later, coriaceous, petiole usually longer than the leaf lamina, about 12-15 cm long, stipules filiform, sparsely hirsute, about 6-10 x 2-3 mm across. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, solitary

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Axillary Yellow Many pedicel slender, inarticulate, about 0.5-2 cm long, epicalyx 9-12, free, base rarely connate, segments about 1 cm long, calyx 5 lobed, base connate, valvate, membranous, stellate pubescent, about 1-2.5 x 1 cm across, corolla large, 5, yellow with dark purple or pink near the centre, obovate, densely studded with bristles, about 2-3.5 x 1-1.5 cm across. Stamens indefinite, monadelphous, forming an epipetalous staminal tube united with corolla, filament short, introrse, anthers basifixed, throughout. Ovary superior, 5 locular, ovules many, style 1, stigma discoid.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule ovoid-cylindric, apex beaked, dehiscent with longitudinal slits towards the base, densely hispid with simple hairs Seed many, reniform or globose, about 3-5 mm across, villous or glabrous, black or dark brown.

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - sow early spring in a warm greenhouse. The seed germinates in 27 days at 15°c or 6 days at 35°c[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links