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Adansonia digitata - Baobab
Adansonia digitata is a succulent, deciduous tree that can grow up to around 20 metres tall. The swollen, urn-shaped bole will eventually become very wide, often exceeding the diameter of the crown and can be up to 10 metres across. This is a true multi-purpose tree with a very wide range of used for local people. There is evidence that the baobab fruit was being sold in the markets of Egypt over 4,500 years ago. It is still widely used by local peoples in the areas of the tropics where it grows wild or is naturalised and is often left standing when land is cleared for cultivation.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
Several compounds were isolated from fruit pulp, seed oil, root isolates terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, vitamins, amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids. 10 Aromatic compounds including isopropyl myristate and nonanal were identified in fruit pulp.
|Kannada||Aane hunase, Brahmaamlika, Muggi maavu|
|Tamil||Aanaipuliya maram, Paparapuli|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
|Digitate||Alternate||Digitately 3- to 9-foliate; leaflets oblong to ovate, 5-15 x 3-7 cm.|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Bisexual||Axillary||White||Many||Flowers a waxy white, up to 20 cm in diameter, axillary, solitary, pendulous, bisexual. Calyx deeply lobed, with silky hairs inside; petals crinkly, spreading.|
|12cm||Fruit ovoid, 12 cm or more in length, with a hard, woody shell.|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
Seed - sow in containers. Germination is usually 90-100% and takes 1-3 months at 21c. Germination is more rapid and successful if the seeds are first nicked or boiling water is poured on them, after which they are left to soak for 24 hours.