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Vitex negundo

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Vitex negundo leaves.jpg

Vitex negundo is a much branched shrub. It grows up to 8 metres tall. It is a multipurpose shrub, it is used for traditional medicine, yields an edible seed and provides various other commodities. It is cultivated as a hedge and medicinal plant, and is also sometimes grown as an ornamental. This plant is belongs to Verbenaceae family.[1]


Cough, Diarrhoea, Backache, Joint pain, Stops gum bleeding, Toothache, Arthritis, Joint pain.[2]

Parts Used

Root, Leaves, Seeds.

Chemical Composition

Volatile oil of Vitex negundo is reported to contain β-carryophyllene, sabinene, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, α-guaiene and globulol as major constituents along with sesquiterpenes, monoterpenes, terpenoids and sterols.[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಇನ್ದ್ರಾಣಿ Indrani, ಕರಿ ಲಕ್ಕಿ Kari lakki, ಲಕ್ಕಿ ಗಿಡ Lakki gida
Hindi Indrani, Nirgunthi
Malayalam Karinocchi, Nocchi
Tamil Karu-nocci, Nocci
Telugu Nirgundi, Sambali
Marathi Indrani, Niguda
Gujarathi Nagod
Punjabi Marwande
Sanskrit Indrani, Nirgundi
English Five-leaved chaste tree, Indian privet



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Deciduous Shrub



Kind Shape Feature



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, Seeds.

How to plant/cultivate

Vitex negundo can be grown in warm temperate to tropical areas, succeeding at elevations from sea level to around 2,000 metres. It is found in areas where the mean annual rainfall is in the range of 600 - 2,000mm. It can tolerate short-lived temperatures falling down to about -10°c.[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Mixed thickets.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:303
  2. Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare
  3. Chemical constituents
  4. Common names
  5. [Morphology]
  6. [Cultivation]

External Links