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Salix tetrasperma - Bile killer

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Salix tetraspeama is a medium sized tree of wet and swampy places, shedding the leaves at the end of monsoon. It flowers after leafing. The bark is rough, with deep, vertical fissures. The young shoots and young leaves are silky.


Fever, Whooping cough, Hepatitis, Dysmenorrhea, Rectal sores, Poultice wounds, Epilepsy, Rheumatism, Bladder stones, Hemorrhoids, Diabetes[1].

Parts Used

Bark, Leaf, Root[1].

Chemical Composition

Phytochemical screenings yield various types of sapogenins: quinovic acid, salicortin, saligenin, phenolic glycosides and pyrocatechol from the bark and leaves.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Nirganji
Hindi Bod, Bains
Malayalam Arali, Atrupala
Tamil Atrupalai
Telugu Itipal
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Jalavetasa, Vedula
English Indian Willow



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)










Kind Shape Feature
Paripinnate Oblong Leaf Arrangementis Alternate-spiral



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long pink Flowering throughout the year and In terminal and/or axillary pseudoracemes


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oblong pod Thinly septate, pilose, wrinkled Seeds upto 5 Fruiting throughout the year

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

[[:Category:Index of Plants which can be propagated by |]]

How to plant/cultivate


Commonly seen growing in areas

Forest area, Swamp area, Near streams at low and medium altitudes.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.665, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Morphology
  4. Cultivation

External Links