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Momordica dioica

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Momordica dioica

Momordica dioica is commonly known as spiny gourd or spine gourd and also known as bristly balsam pear. It is a species of flowering plant in the Bengali gourd family. It is used as a vegetable in all regions of India and some parts in South Asia. It has commercial importance and is exported and used locally. The fruits are cooked with spices,or fried and sometimes eaten with meat or fish.




Momordica dioica can be used in Food. Tubersous roots and young green fruits are cooked as vegetable.[1]

Parts Used

Chemical Composition

Momordica dioica as the average nutritional value per 100 g edible fruit was found to contain 84.1% moisture, 7.7 g carbohydrate, 3.1 g protein, 3.1 g fat, 3.0 g fiber and 1.1 g minerals. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Mada haagala kaayi ಮಡ ಹಾಗಲಕಾಯಿ
Hindi Kikoda
Tamil Mezhuku-pakal, Pazhu-pakal
Telugu Boda kakara
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Karkotaki, Karkoti


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Momordica dioica Contains the Following nutritional components like - Vitamin-C, Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3); β-carotene; Calcium, Copper, Iron, Potassium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Zinc[1]




Kind Shape Feature
Simple Round 1.5-5.0 cm long, heart-shaped at base, hairless or sparsely hairy, middle lobes broadly ovate or rhombic-ovate



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Broadly ovate-heart-shaped Yellowish 2.5-3.0 cm across, stalked. Male flowers are solitary, on 1.5 cm long flower-cluster-stalk, bearing near the tip a stalkless


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Simple Fruit Ovoid 2-7 cm long, 1-2.5 cm broad Orange-red {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

How to plant/cultivate

Requires a soil rich in organic matter if optimum yields are to be achieved. A dioecious plant, male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[4]. Momordica dioica is avilable through June to October[1]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.116, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  2. Chemical composition
  3. Morphology
  4. Cultivation Details

External Links