Note: This is a project under development. The articles on this wiki are just being initiated and broadly incomplete. You can Help creating new pages.

Matthiola incana

From Ayurwiki
Revision as of 10:34, 1 June 2020 by Mohan KG (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
Matthiola incana

Matthiola incana, known as hoary stock, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Matthiola. The common name stock usually refers to this species, though it may also be applied to the whole genus. The common name "night-scented stock" or "evening-scented stock" is applied to Matthiola longipetala (syn. bicornis).


Treatment of cancer, Antidote to poisonous bites.

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

A pot experiment was conducted in the green house of the National Research Centre (seasons 2008/2009 and 2009/2010) to study the effect of foliar application of stigmasterol (0, 50, 100 mg/L) and/or diphenylurea (0, 5, 10 mg/L) on vegetative growth, flowering, fruiting and chemical constituents of Matthiola incana plants. Data indicate that most criteria of vegetative growth expressed as plant height, number of branches, fresh and dry weights of the herb were significantly affected by the application of the two growth regulators. Foliar application of 5 mg/L diphenylurea combined with 100 mg/L stigmasterol gave the tallest Matthiola incana plants, while the highest increases in number of branches, number of pods, weight of pods, air dry weight of plant and seed yield at fruiting stage were found in plants treated with 10 mg/L diphenylurea combined with 100 mg/L stigmasterol. In comparison between stigmasterol and diphenylurea treatments the mean values of all growth characters during the vegetative and flowering stages reveal the superiority of stigmasterol especially at higher concentration (100 mg/L) used. The highest increases in fixed oil yield were found in plants treated with 5 mg /L diphenylurea combined with 100 mg/L stigmasterol. Photosynthetic pigments, N%, protein%, fixed oil % and oil yield were influenced by treating the plants with stigmasterol and diphenylurea. GLC analysis of the seed oil indicated that the application of 10 mg/L diphenylurea and 50 mg/L stigmasterol only increases γ - linolenic acid compared with control plants. While, the other treatments dropped the γ -linolenic acid compared with control one.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
English Stock, Tenweeks stock, Gillyflower, Brompton Stock


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.












Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate The leaves are light green and feathery with a bipinnate pattern



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 1 inch White 5 Flowers Season is June - August

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Cultivated Beds.

How to plant/cultivate

Landscape Uses:Border, Container, Foundation, Massing. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil. Prefers a fertile neutral or slightly alkaline soil in full sun. Plants grow best in a sandy soil in a warm, sheltered position. A very ornamental plant, it is also a good butterfly plant. Plants are usually biennial or short-lived perennials and are normally grown as annuals in the garden. The wild plant is a perennial with an almost shrubby nature. Garden forms have been bred to have annual or biennial characteristics. The flowers have a strong sweet scent. Special Features: Suitable for cut flowers, Fragrant flowers.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tall grasslands, Meadows, Borders of forests and fields.

Photo Gallery


External Links