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Gmelina arborea - Gambhari

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Gmelina arborea, Madhumati

Madhumati locally known as Gamhar. It is a fast-growing deciduous tree. Occurring naturally throughout greater part of India at altitudes up to 1,500 meters. It also occurs naturally in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and in southern provinces of China.


Fever, Gonorrhoea, Cough, Wounds, Ulcers, Leprosy, Blood diseases, Diarrhea.[1]

Parts Used

Roots, Stem, Root bark, Stem bark, Fruits.

Chemical Composition

Hexenol (17.9%), 1-octen-3-ol (8.4%) and hexanol (6.1%) among the aliphatic alcohols; heptacosane (5.6%), pentacosane (3.8%) and 1-pentacosene (3.2%) among the hydrocarbons; and nonanal (8.7%) and (E)-2-decenal (3.0%)[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Shivani
Hindi Gamhar
Malayalam Kumbil
Tamil Kumalaamaram
Telugu Peddagumudutekku
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Madhumati
English Gamhar


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Madhura (Sweet)


Guru (heavy)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Vata, Pitta



Deciduous tree



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Ovate 4-8 inch long, acuminate, entire



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 12 inch Brownish-yellow 5-20 Calyx campanulate, tomentose, 5-lobed and In small usually 3-flowered cymes arranged along the branches of a densely fulvous-tomentose panicle


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Ovoid 1.5-2.0 cm long Sometimes with portion of attached pedicel, two seeded With hooked hairs {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant can succeed in very dry to wet areas in the tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 2,100 metres.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Subtropical area, Moist teak forests.

Photo Gallery


  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:329
  2. Essential Oil Composition
  3. Plant description
  4. Ayurvedic preparations
  5. Cultivation Details

External Links