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Embelia ribes - Vidanga

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Embelia Ribes

Embelia Ribes is a scandent shrub or climbing plant producing stems up to 20 metres long. It is widely distributed throughout India. In Ayurveda it is considered widely beneficial in variety of diseases and is also used in homeopathy.


Stomachache, Apeworms, Snakebites, Flatulence, Skin eruptions, Dyspepsia, Jaundice, Skin eruptions, Flatulence, Colic, Gas problems.[1]

Parts Used

Leaves, Whole herb.[1]

Chemical Composition

Embelia ribes berries contain several chemical constituents like embelin, volatile oil, fixed oil, resin, tannin, christembine (alkaloid), phenolic acids like caffeic acid[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Amogha, Vayi-vulanga
Hindi Baba-rang, Baberang
Malayalam Tiriitticanni, Tiruvittikanni
Tamil NA
Telugu Potosul, Vaividungalu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Vidanga , Krimighna
English Embelia


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Coriaceous Lancelate 6-14cm long and 2-4cm broad, alternating, acuminate entire, perfectly glabours and petiole 1.0 cm -0.8 cm margined



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 4-4 mm White or yellow 5 Smooth, succulent, in dry condition with wrinkles with loss of calyx


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Reddish seed Enclosed in a brittle pericarp, is covered by a thin membrane With hooked hairs Seed is seen covered with light spots

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Anu taila, Shadbindu taila, Sanjivani vati, Panchanimbadi vati, Pathyadi lepa, Amritaadi guggulu, Lohaasava, Abhayarishta, Abaana, Amarasundara vati, Avipattikara Churna, Kabjahar, Kalyanaka grita, Kasturibairava ras, Krimikutar ras, Chopachiniyaadi churna, Jatiphaladi churna, Dashamulaarishta, Drakshaarishta, Nintyananda rasa, Panchatikta Guggulu grita, Mahadraakshaadi Churna, Mahaayogaraaja Guggulu, Yogaraja Guggulu, Vidangaarishta, Vidangaasava[4]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

The plant can be grown in variety of soils including light black cotton soil, sandy/rocky in different agro-climatic conditions in tropical regions up to 800-1500m altitude[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Central Himalayas, Lower Himalayas, Deccan Ghat, Western Ghats and South India.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.1147, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. Phytochemical Constituents
  3. Ayurvedic preparations
  4. Plant description
  5. Soil and Climate

External Links