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Eclipta prostrata - Bhrngaraja

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Eclipta prostrata is a species of plant in the sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the world. It is widely distributed throughout India, Nepal. This plant is belongs to Asteraceae family.[1]


Loss of appetite, Asthma, Productive cough, Hyperlipidemia, Mild hypertension, Intestinal worm, Jaundice, Piles, Abdominal pain, Hairfall, Preature greying of hair, Lucoderma.

Parts Used

Young shoots, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Wedelolactone, Luteolin, Apigenin, Triterpenoids – Eclalbatin, alpha-amyrin, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, Flavonoids – apigenin and luteolin, Wedelolactone,Echinocystic acid glycosides, β-Sitosterol, Daucosterol.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Ajagara
Hindi Bhrngaraj, Kesharaj
Malayalam Kannunni
Tamil Karisilanganni, Kavanthakara
Telugu Galagara
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bhrngaraja
English False Daisy, Trailing eclipta


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)




Annual plant



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Lanceolate Leaf Apex is Acute, Leaf Base is Cuneate and Leaf Margin is Serrate-dentate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2.5 cm long White 5-20 In axillary or terminal 1-3 capitula; white. Flowering from December-May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong achene An oblong achene, 3-quetrous, hairy above. Fruiting January onwards {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Can be raised both from seed as well as stem cuttings. Seed is preferred for raising plantation. Seed germination is 75-85% when freshly collected mature seeds are sown in a well prepared nursery.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Poorly drained area, Wet areas.

Photo Gallery



  1. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:117
  2. "chemical composition"
  3. "morphology"
  4. "Ayurvedic preparations"
  5. "Cultivation Details"

External Links