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Buchanania lanzan - Chironji Tree

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Buchanania lanzan (3244082759).jpg

Buchanania lanzan is an evergreen tree. It grows up to 18 metres tall. The tree is extensively harvested from the wild, and also cultivated for its edible seed, especially in India. It is commonly sold in local markets and has occasionally been exported.


Diarrhoea, Skin diseases, Coughs, Asthma[1].

Parts Used

Seed, Stem bark, Leaf, Root.[1].

Chemical Composition

Buchanania lanzan was tested for the presence of Alkaloids, Carbohydrates, Flavonoids, Steroids using different qualitative chemical methods.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಚಾರೊಳೆ Charole ಚಾರೊಳಿ Charoli
Hindi Char, Chironji
Malayalam Muungaappeezh
Tamil Charoli
Telugu Charumamidi
Marathi Charoli
Gujarathi Charoli
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Akhatth
English Chironji Tree, Almondette



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Flowering from February to April


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Fruiting from February to April

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Ashoka Grita

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

A plant of mainly drier areas in the tropics and subtropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,200 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 32 - 42°c, but can tolerate 5 - 48°c.[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Open forests, Dry forests, Lowland forests.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.1063, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. [Chemical constituents]
  3. Common names
  4. [Morphology]
  5. Cultivation

External Links