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Ziziphus mauritiana - Common jujube
Badarah is a much branched thorny tree that grows in the drier parts of India. The fruits are enjoyed by animals and man alike.
- 1 Uses
- 2 Parts Used
- 3 Chemical Composition
- 4 Common names
- 5 Properties
- 6 Habit
- 7 Identification
- 8 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
- 9 Where to get the saplings
- 10 Mode of Propagation
- 11 How to plant/cultivate
- 12 Commonly seen growing in areas
- 13 Photo Gallery
- 14 References
- 15 External Links
Twelve compounds were isolated from the seeds of Ziziphus mauritiana and identified as betulinic aldehyde (1), betulinic acid (2), ceanothic acid (3), frangufoline (4), spinosin (5), beta-sitosterol (6), daucosterol (7), daucosterol-6'-octadecanoate (8), sucrose (9), docosanoic acid (10), stearic acid (11), palmitoleic acid (12).
|Kannada||ಬೋರೇ Bore, ಎಲಚಿ Elachi|
|Hindi||Bara-bor, Kath ber,|
Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.
Madhura (Sweet), Amla (Sour)
Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Oily)
Kapha, Pitta, Vata
|Simple||Alternate||Distichous; stipular spines solitary or in pairs, straight or one of them recurved; nodes slightly enlarged around the leaf scars.|
|Type||Size||Color and composition||Stamen||More information|
|Axillary cyme||Bisexual||Greenish-yellow||5||15-20 flowered dense cymose axillary fascicles, Flowering season is November-March|
|Drupe||1 x 0.5 cm||Oblong-globose, yellow or orange when ripe; 1-2-celled||Seeds 1 or 2, compressed||Fruiting season is November-March|
List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used
Where to get the saplings
Mode of Propagation
How to plant/cultivate
Storage of the seed for 4 months to let it after-ripen improves germination. If facilities are available, stratification in sand for 60 - 90 days at 5°c is recommended. Scarification, extracting the seed from the stone, and treating it with sulphuric acid has also been recommended. To germinate, seeds need full sunlight. Seed should germinate in 3 - 4 weeks when the seed is left in stone, quicker if it is cracked, and only 1 week if it is carefully extracted. 
Commonly seen growing in areas
- ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 2” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.112, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
- Referred by Library of National Medicine article.
- Vernacular names
- Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 398
- Cultivation details