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Aristolochia indica - Indian birthwort, Duck flower

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Aristolochia indica flower
Arsitolochia indica - flower

Aristolochia indica is a climber (creeper) commonly found in Southern India and Sri Lanka.


Low appetite, Menstrual disorders, Drops, Leukoderma, Tonsillitis, Chronic dyspepsia, Indigestion, fever, Chronic rheumatism

Parts Used

Rizhomes, Roots, Leaves, Seeds

Chemical Composition

Roots have a crystalline substance, a glucoside, isoaristolochic acid, carbonyl compounds, allantoin. Aristolochic acids, aristolactams, Alkaloids[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಗೋಪಾಲಪುಟ್ಟಿ ತೊಟ್ಟಲು Gopalapatti toppalu, ಈಶ್ವರ ಬಳ್ಳಿ Ishvara balli,
Hindi Isharmul, Isarmul, Hooka bel
Malayalam Garudakkodi
Tamil Thazhaisurulikodi, Urikkalchedi, Kozhikkundu's, Perumarunthukodi
Telugu Ishweraveru
Marathi Sapasan
Gujarathi Sapasan
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit NA
English Indian birthwort, Duck flower



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Shita (Cooling), Ushna (Heating)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapa, Pitta



Climber, Creeper



Kind Shape Feature
Oblong Alternate,12x4cm Leaves 3-nerved from base and Differ from all other species by its oblong leaves



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long Greenish-purple 5 Flowering from December-February


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
oblong capsule seed dispersal is by gravity Fruiting throughout the year Oblong pod with 5-6 grooves Flat, triangular, winged Opened pods look like baskets

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Softwood Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers a well-drained, humus-rich, loamy soil and a position in full sun or partial shade. The flowers of many species in this genus form an intricate trap for pollinating insects. The insects are tempted to an area of the flower where they are unable to grip and they slide down into the utricle - downward pointing hairs prevent them climbing out. The trap helps to ensure the fertilization of the flowers and the insects are eventually released[5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Forest and thickets.

Photo Gallery


External Links