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Crotalaria verrucosa - Brihatapushpi

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Brihatapushpi, Crotalaria verrucosa

Crotalaria verrucosa is an erect or spreading, much-branched plant. It grows upto 50 - 100cm tall. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is sometimes grown as a green manure and is a potential ornamental.

Uses

Throat disorders, Laryngitis, Cardiac disorders, Oral disorders, Indigestion, Fever Blood disorders [1]

Parts Used

Root, Leaf

Chemical Composition

Taraxerol, beta-sitosterol and linoleic, palmitic, stearic, lauric, oleic, linolenic, arachidic, myristic and ricinoleic acids have been isolated from fixed oil of the stem. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Gijate, Gijigiji gida, Gijibeeji
Hindi Banshana, Jhanjhania
Malayalam Kilukiluppa, Pee-tandale-cotti
Tamil Amparanemi, Amparanemicceti, Avaratimatu
Telugu Alla galli gheetsa, Alla gili giccha, Ghalegherinta, Gilagoranta
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Brihatapushpi, Dhavani, Shanapuspi
English

[3]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna

Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)

Veerya

Sheeta (cold)

Vipaka

Katu (Pungent)

Karma

Pitta, Kapha

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves 2.5-7 x 2.5-4.5 cm, ovate-rhomboid or ovate-deltoid, base acute, apex obtuse or acute.

[4]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Terminal or leaf opposed racemes Violet-Blue Flowers up to 1.5 cm long; pedicels 3-5 mm long; bracts lanceolate.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A Pod 2.5-3.5 x 0.8-1 cm Oblong-cylindrical, inflated, 10-16-seeded Seeds 3-4.5 x 3-4 mm, obliquely cordiform, yellowish to brownish. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - sow in situ. Pre-soaking the seed for 12 hours in warm water can help to reduce germination time. [5]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area.

Photo Gallery

References

External Links