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Foeniculum vulgare - Misreya

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Misreya, Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.


Respiratory congestion, Cough remedies, Gastric problem, Acid stomach, Gout, Cramps, Colic, Spasms.

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots, Stem, Fruits

Chemical Composition

The major constituent of fennel oil is anethole. Other constituents include alpha pinene, beta myrcene, beta pinene, bitter fenchone, camphene, estragole (methyl-chavicol), fenchone, limonene, p-cymen, and safrole[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Dodda sompu
Hindi Moti saunf
Malayalam Preumjirakam
Tamil Sompu
Telugu Peddajilakarra
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Misreya, Madhurika
English Fennel, Sweet fennel


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent), Madhura (Sweet)


Laghu (Light), Snigda (heavy)


Ushna (Hot)


Madhura (Sweet)







Kind Shape Feature
Simple 40 cm long They are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filament-like, about 0.5 mm wide



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 5–15 cm wide Yellow 5-20 The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Dry seed 4–10 mm long This fruit is what the plant is better known for, and is usually mistakenly called seed With hooked hairs Many {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils but prefers a sunny dry position.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Dry soil, Sea coast, Riverbanks.

Photo Gallery


External Links