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Ficus hispida - Hairy Fig

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A hairy fig tree (Ficus hispida) in Visakhapatnam.jpg

Ficus hispida is a shrub or small tree. It can grow up to 17 metres tall with a bole up to 25cm in diameter. The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for use as a food and medicine.


Fevers, Liver problems, Constipation, Wounds, Bubo, Vitiligo, Leucodermia.[1]


Ficus hispida can be used in Food. Tender leaves and young unripe fruits are cooked as vegetable. Ripe fruits are eaten raw[2].

Parts Used

Fruits, Bark, Plant's Milk[3]

Chemical Composition

Preliminary phytochemical investigations of FH have shown the presence of Alkaloids, Carbohydrates, Proteins and Amino acids, Sterols, Phenols, Flavonoids, Gums and Mucilage, Glycosides, Saponins and Terpenes.[4]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Adavi hatti, Olapatha
Hindi Katgular, Daduri
Malayalam NA
Tamil Peyatti
Telugu Kakimedi
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Kakodumbura
English Crofig



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.








Nutritional components

Ficus hispida Contains the Following nutritional components like - β-sitosterol, lupeol acetate, hispidine, bergapten, psoral and β-amyrin; Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc[2].


Evergreen tree



Kind Shape Feature



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Flowering from April to July {{{5}}}


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Fruiting from April to July

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Root suckers, Seeds, Air layering.

Cultivation Details

Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed[6]. Ficus hispida is available through January-July[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Open places, Swamp forests, Along rivers, Along streams.

Photo Gallery


  1. Indian Medicinal Plants by C.P.Khare
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.76, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume - 3" by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.265, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #45, Paapannana Tota, 1st Main road, Basaveshwara Nagara, Bengaluru.
  4. National Library of Medicine - Journal Paper - Ficus hispida Linn.: A review of its pharmacognostic and ethnomedicinal properties
  5. [Morphology]
  6. Tropical The Ferns Information

External Links