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Euphorbia tirucalli - Milk Bush

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Euphorbia tircualli 1zz.jpg

Euphorbia tirucalli is a small tree. It is cultivated as hedge plant in all dry regions. It has succulent branchlets around 7mm thick. With white to yellowish latex. The plant only has a few, small, deciduous leaves towards the tips of the branches.


Sore throat, Wooping cough, Pectoral pain, Stomach ache.[1]

Parts Used

Young branchs, Root[2].

Chemical Composition

Euphorbia tirucalli contains white milky latex in all its parts, Including the roots. According to Kapaczewski ( 13), The latex contains about 28% solid matter whose composition is - 21 to 27% water-soluble substances, 59 to 63% resin-soluble substances and 12 to 14% rubber-like substances[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಕಳ್ಳಿ ಮರ Kalli mara
Hindi Bhadrachur
Malayalam Tirukkalli
Tamil Tiruku-kalli
Telugu Jemudu kadalu
Marathi Chikada, Hura
Gujarathi Gandalio thor
Punjabi Shir thohar
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Amar
English Indian tree spurge, Milk bush



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.









[[:Category:Habit - |]]



Kind Shape Feature



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seed, Cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Succeeds in subtropical to tropical regions at elevations from sea level to 2,000 metres. The plant is very well adapted to semi-arid conditions, but also occurs in both dry and moist forest, savannah and shrub land, and also withstands salt stress associated with coastal conditions.[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Semi-arid conditions, Dry and Moist forest, Savannah, Shrub land.

Photo Gallery


  1. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 186
  2. ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.371, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  3. Journal Paper from ACS Publications
  4. Common names
  5. [Morphology]
  6. [Cultivation]

External Links