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Jatropha glandulifera - Dravantī

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Dravantī is the dried seeds of Jatropha glandulifera. It is an evergreen shrub with stout branches and a smooth papery bark. It is found mostly in the black cotton soil of Deccan but also found in plains of northern India.

Uses

Skin diseases, Rheumatism, Piles, Snake bites.

Parts Used

Nuts, Roots, Bark, Latex.

Chemical Composition

It contains Jatrophin, jatropholone A, fraxetin, coumarino-lignan.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Erandane danti, Totla
Hindi Laal Bagharend, Jangali erandi
Malayalam Katalaavanakku
Tamil Kattamanakku, Adalai
Telugu Adavi Amadam, Vatti amudamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Bṛhaddantī, Vyāghrairāṇḍa, Putraśreṇī
English Purging nut


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Kaṭu

Guna

Laghu, Tīkṣṇa, Snigdha

Veerya

Uṣṇa

Vipaka

Kaṭu

Karma

Pittahara, Kaphahara, Recaka, Viḍbhedana, Dīpana, Viṣaghna

Prabhava

Habit

Shrub

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Alternate Simple Leaf Margins is Serrate

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Cymes 2-4cm long Greenish yellow Flowering throughout the year

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 2-4 cm Fruiting throughout the year Many seeds

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

  • Miśraka Sneha

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

The cultivators are expected to adopt it by way of agro- forestry.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Trophical area, Trophical area.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-50
  2. Morphology
  3. Cultivation detail

External Links