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Aerva javanica - Snow bush

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Buee, Aerva javanica

Aerva javanica is a species of plant in the Amaranthaceae family. It has a native distribution incorporating much of Africa and the south-west and south of Asia.


Rheumatism, Cracking of skin, Hemorrhoids, Skin dryness, Skin eruptions, Fever, Vomiting.[1]

Parts Used

Roots, Woolly spikes.

Chemical Composition

The plant extract contains ascorbic acid, kaempferol, beta-amyrin and beta-sitosterol. The leaves also contain sitosterol and its glucoside.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ದೊಡ್ಡ ಹಿಂಡಿ ಗಿಡ Dodda hindi gida
Hindi Safed bui
Tamil Perumpoolai
Telugu Magabira
Marathi Khul
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Dholphuli, Khul
English Javanese Wool Plant, Kapok Bush, Snow bush



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Tikshna (Sharp)


Ushna (Hot)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, vata shamaka



Perennial herb



Kind Shape Feature
Simple 2-7 cm long leaves are alternately arranged along the stems and are quite variable in shape



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Up to 10 cm long and 10 mm wide Whitish flowers Separate male and female flowers are borne on separate plants and Its flowering season is May-October


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Utricle 1-1.5 mm long Orbicular Many Fruiting season is May-October

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

A plant of drier areas in the tropics and subtropics where it is found at elevations from sea level to 1,900 metres[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

African forest, Tropical areas.

Photo Gallery


  1. Kappathagudda - A Repertoire of Medicinal Plants of Gadag, Page no: 46
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Common names
  4. Stems and Leaves
  5. Ayurvedic Preparation
  6. Cultivation Details

External Links