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Acacia nilotica - Aaavartaki

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Vachellia nilotica,Babul

Acacia nilotica is a medium sized, thorny, nearly evergreen tree. It can grows up to a height of 20-25 m. It is a multipurpose tree. It provides timber, fuel, shade, food, fodder, honey, dye, gum and fences.


Sexual problems, Eye diseases, Heal wounds, Bleeding of the uterus, Liver problems, Jaundice, Throat problems, Stomach problems, Hair problems, Skin problems.

Parts Used

Fruits, Niryaas, Leaves.

Chemical Composition

Polysaccharide Arabin (Mixture of calcium, magnesium and potassium salts of arabic acid).Arabic acid on hydrolysis gives D-galactose, L-arabinose, L-rhamnose and D-glucoronic acid.Also contain enzyme oxidase and peroxidase.[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Babli
Hindi Babool
Malayalam Karivelam
Tamil karuvelai
Telugu Nalla tumma
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Aaavartaki
English Gum Arabic


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Kashaya (Astringent)


Guru (Ruksha)


Sheeta (Cold)


Katu (Pungent)








Kind Shape Feature
Alternate Stipulate Stipules modified into ½ to 2" long straight, white spines, petiolate, compound, bipinnate and paripinnate, pinnae 5-7 pairs, pinnules 10-20 pairs, sessile or subsessile, minute, ovate or oblong, entire, unicostate reticulate.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual 2.5 cm long Bright yellow 4 or 5 petals Flowers tiny, clustered together in bright-yellow, round heads, Bracteate, ebracteolate, sessile or subsessile, complete, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, hypogynous, pentamerous, yellow, very small


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Lomentum Up to 8cm long A lomentum, pods linear-oblong, glaucous-green, jointed, joints nearly orbicular, compressed, minutely hairy 12-20 seeds {{{5}}} {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings

How to plant/cultivate

Seeds are generally directly sown, seeds may require scarification. [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Wild forest area, Dry arid area, Agricultural land

Photo Gallery


External Links