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Asparagus racemosus - Shatavari

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Asparagus racemosus is a species of asparagus. It is common throughout Nepal, Sri Lanka, India and the Himalayas. It grows one to two metres tall. It prefers to take root in gravelly, rocky soils high up in piedmont plains.


Gastric ulcers , Dyspepsia, Galactogogue, Intrinsic haemorrhage, Diarrhoea, Piles, Hoarseness of voice, Cough, Arthritis, Poisoning, Rejuvinative, Increases breast milk, Increase strength, Infertility[1].


Shatavari can be used in food. White tuberous roots are eaten raw. Tender shoots are cooked as vegetable[2].

Parts Used

Leaves, Roots[1].

Chemical composition

The major bioactive constituents of asparagus are a group of steroidal saponins. This plant also contains vitamins A, B1, B2, C, E, Mg, P, Ca, Fe, and folic acid. Other primary chemical constituents of Asparagus are essential oils, asparagine, arginine, tyrosine, flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin, and rutin), resin, and tannin. acid[3]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ಆಷಾಢಿ ಬೇರು Ashadi beru, ಹಲವು ಮಕ್ಕಳ ತಾಯಿ ಬೇರು Halavu makkala taayi beru,
Hindi Shatamuli
Malayalam Sathavari
Tamil Tannir-vittan
Telugu Abiruvu, Cella
Marathi Shatamuli, Shatavari
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Satamuli, Satavari
English Buttermilk root, Climbing asparagus, Water root, Wild asparagus, Wild carrot



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Madhura(sweet), Tikta(Bitter)


Guru(Heavy), Snigdha(Oily)


Sheeta(Cold Potency)





Nutritional components

Shatavari contains the Following nutritional components like Vitamin-A, B1, B2, B6 and C; Calcium, Iron, Manganese, Magnesium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Zinc[2]


An armed vine



Kind Shape Feature
Simple Linear Leaf Apices is Acuminate Leaf arrangement is Alternate distichous and Leaf Margins are Entire



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Clustered racemes 2-4cm long White Flowers are in fragrant. Flowering from June-October


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Loose spiral A berry, globose, red when ripe. Seeds 3-6, globose or angled Fruting from October onwards Seeds are yellow to brown in colour Seeds 3-6 {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Shatavari gulam, Shatavaryadi ghrita, Shatavaryadi churna, Narasimha churna, Anutaila, Abana, Ashoka Grita, Eranda paaka, Ovoutoline, Chandrakala Ras, Diabecon, Narayana Taila, Prabhanjana vimardhana Taila, Basant Kusumaakar Ras, Mahatikta grita, Mahanarayana taila, Mahamaasha Taila, Maharasnadi Kvata Churna, Musali paaka, Lakshmivilasa rasa, Shatvaryadi Churna[7]

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Root division.

Cultivation Details

Both seeds and crown rhizomes can be used for propagation. However, seeds are preferable on account of high production that makes up for low germination percentage in cultivation. Seeds may be collected from March to May when their colour changes from red to black. Seeds are sown in farm yard manure enriched soil[8]. Shatavari is available through June to October[2].

Commonly seen growing in areas

Forests, Thickets, Moisty soil area, Himalayas, Eastwards from Kashmir.

Photo Gallery


  1. 1.0 1.1 ”Karnataka Medicinal Plants Volume-3” by Dr.M. R. Gurudeva, Page No.1183, Published by Divyachandra Prakashana, #6/7, Kaalika Soudha, Balepete cross, Bengaluru
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Forest food for Northern region of Western Ghats" by Dr. Mandar N. Datar and Dr. Anuradha S. Upadhye, Page No.1022, Published by Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science (MACS) Agharkar Research Institute, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Road, Pune
  3. Chemical constituents of Asparagus
  4. Common names
  5. Referred by an article from Easy Ayurveda Website
  6. Morphology
  7. Ayurvedic preparations
  8. Cultivation details

External Links