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Clitoria ternatea - Aparajita

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Aparajita, Clitoria ternatea

Clitoria ternatea is a plant species belonging to the Fabaceae family. The flowers of this vine have the shape of human female genitals. Hence the Latin name of the genus "Clitoria" from "clitoris".


Chronic bronchitis, Migraine, Recurrent fever, Chronic cough, Tonsillitis, Abdominal pain, Hydrocele, Uterus Prolapse, Gonorrhoea, Heavy Periods, Hydrocele.

Parts Used

Seeds, Leaves, Roots.

Chemical Composition

Major flavonol glycosides, 3-O-(2"-O-alpha-rhamnosyl-6"-O-malonyl)-beta-glucoside, 3-O-(6"-O-alpha-rhamnosyl-6"-O-malonyl)-beta-glucoside and 3-O-(2",6"-di-O-alpha-rhamnosyl)-beta-glucoside of kaemferol, quercetin and myricetin were isolated from the petals[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Aparijata, Girikarnike
Hindi Khagin
Malayalam Sangu Pushpam
Tamil Sankupushpam, Kakkanam
Telugu Sankhu-pushpamu
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Ghrstih, Aparajita, Radha, Adrikarni
English Clitoria, Butterfly Bean


Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (Cold potency)


Katu (Pungent)




A small shrub



Kind Shape Feature
Imparipinnate Ovate Leaf Arrangement is Alternate distichous, Leaf Apex is Obtuse, Leaf Base is Obtuse and Leaf Margin is Entire



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Solitary 2-4cm long Deep blue, occasionally white 8-10 Flowering from March-May


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Oblong pod Fruit is linear Seeds 10-15 Fruiting throughout the year {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation


How to plant/cultivate

Can be easily grown from seed. Butterfly pea is essentially a plant of the humid and subhumid tropical lowlands at elevations from sea level to around 1,600 metre [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area

Photo Gallery


  1. Chemical Constituents
  2. Kappatagudda - A Repertoire of Medicianal Plants of Gadag by Yashpal Kshirasagar and Sonal Vrishni, Page No. 133
  3. Ayurvedic preparations
  4. Cultivation details

External Links