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Justicia adhatoda - Simhaparni

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Malabar Nut

Simhaparni is the sanskrit name of Justicia adhatoda. It is native to Asia, widely used in Siddha Medicine, Ayurveda, homeopathy and Unani systems of medicine. The plant's range includes Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, and China as well as Panama where it is thought to have been introduced.


Joint pain, Cuts, Cough, Skin itchiness, Respiratory disorders, Asthma, Abnormal bleeding, Peptic ulcers, Piles.[1]

Parts Used

Roots, Leaves, Stem, Flowers.

Chemical Composition

Adhatoda zeylanica contains a number of chemical constituents which are responsible to cure many diseases and disorders.[2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Aadu muttada gida, Aadu soge ಅಡುಸೋಗೆ
Hindi Adusa, Vasak
Malayalam Adel-odagam
Tamil Aadaathodai, Acalai
Telugu Addasaramu, Addasarapaku
Marathi Adulasa
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Arus, Vajidantakahaatarusha
English Malabar nut



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)


Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)


Sheeta (Cold)


Katu (Pungent)


Kapha, Pitta






Kind Shape Feature
Simple, Opposite Lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate Leaves 10 - 30 cm long, slightly acuminate, base tapering, petiolate, petioles 1 - 2.5 cm long.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 2-4cm long White 2 Axillary pedunculate spikes, the corolla is large and white with a funnel shaped lower portion, Flowering season: July-September


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 1.9-2.2 x 0.8 cm wide The fruit is a small capsule Many Fruiting season: July-September

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used


Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of the drier to wet, lowland tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,300 metres[6]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Himalayas, Tropical area, At cold forest.

Photo Gallery


  1. Kappathagudda - A Repertoire of Medicinal Plants of Gadag, Page no: 42
  2. Chemical constituents
  3. Karnataka Aushadhiya Sasyagalu By Dr.Maagadi R Gurudeva, Page no:33
  4. General Information
  5. Ayurvedic preparations
  6. Cultivation Details

External Links