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Abroma augusta - Ulat kambal

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Ulat kambal, Abroma augusta

Abroma augusta is a large, spreading shrub or small tree sometimes growing up to 10 metres tall. The plant provides a high quality fibre that is mainly used locally. It has local medicinal uses. Often harvested from the wild, it is also sometimes cultivated in tropical areas as a fibre crop and is sometimes grown as an ornamental.


Gynecological disorders, Induces menstruation, Arthritis, Bronchitis, Fever [1]

Parts Used


Chemical Composition

The root contains abromine (betaine), friedelin, abromasterol, abromasterol A, choline, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol and octacosanol. Leaves, reported to be useful in treating uterine disorders, contain taraxerol, its acetate and lupeol. [2]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ದೆವ್ವಹತ್ತಿ Devva hatti, ಭಂಗಿಮರ Bhangi mara
Hindi Ulat kambal
Tamil Sivappututti
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit Yoshini, Pivari
English Devil's cotton



Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.



Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)


Laghu (Light), Rooksha (Dry)


Ushna (Hot)



Kapha, Vata






Kind Shape Feature
Simple Alternate Leaves 10-20 (-30) x 5-15 (-25) cm; ovate-lanceolate, ovate-oblong, cordate at base, acute or acuminate at apex.



Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Bisexual Subterminal or axillary peduncled cymes Maroon 5 cm in diameter. Sepals ca 2 x 0.6 cm, lanceolate, connate at base, persistent.


Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
Capsule 3.5-4 cm long Obpyramidal, membranous, 5-angled, truncate at apex, septicidally 5-valved, valves villous at the edge Seeds many, ca 3 x 2 mm, obovate {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Prefers hot and humid climate. Mature seeds are collected during December-January. The seeds are sown in well-prepared nursery beds or polybags during February to mid-March.[5]

Season to grow

December to January

Required Ecosystem/Climate

Hot and humid climate is suitable for the growth of the crop. [6]

Kind of soil needed

The plant grows well in a variety of soils, like sandy loam to loam type.

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery


External Links