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Paspalum scrobiculatum - Kodravaḥ

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Kodravaḥ

Kodravaḥ consists of dehusked and well-matured caryopsis of Paspalum scrobiculatum Linn. (Fam. Poaceae), an annual grass 60 to 90 cm tall, cultivated in the plains of India for its grains; newly gathered grains with husks are poisonous; husks are removed prior to use or powdering.

Uses

Anti-diabetic, Reduces cholesterol, Inflammation, Hemorrhages,

Parts Used

Seeds.

Chemical Composition

[1]

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada Harak, Harike
Hindi Kodon, Kodava, Kododhaam
Malayalam Varaku
Tamil Varagu
Telugu Arikelu, Kiraruga
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit
English Kodo Millet


Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Kaṣāya, Madhura

Guna

Laghu, Rūkṣa

Veerya

Śīta

Vipaka

Kaṭu

Karma

Pittahara, Kaphahara, Grāhī, Lekhana, Viḍaghna

Prabhava

Habit

Perennial

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Simple Linear Leaves 20-30 cm long, 0.5-0.6 cm wide, linear-lanceolate.

[2]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Unisexual 3 Inflorescence racemose spikes, 5-9, arranged alternately on the peduncle; racemes 4-7 cm long. Spikelets 0.05-0.1 cm, sub-orbicular, arranged in 4 rows on the broad flat rachis. Lower glume 0; upper ovate-orbicular, as large as spikelets. Lemma dissimilar. Lower floret empty; upper bisexual. Stamens 3. Styles 2.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds

How to plant/cultivate

A plant of low to fairly high elevations in the tropics and subtropics, being found from sea level to 3,000 metres.[3]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Roadsides, Weedy places, Often on damp soils, Common in semi-swamp forest, Damp grassland and swamps.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. The Ayuredic Pharmacopoeia of India Part-1, Volume-5, Page no-14
  2. [ Morphology]
  3. Cultivation detail

External Links

Paspalum scrobiculatum Linn on iucngisd.org Paspalum scrobiculatum Linn on india biodiversity.org