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Lannea coromandelica - Jhingini

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Jhingini, Lannea coromandelica

Jhingini is a deciduous tree usually growing 5 - 10 metres tall but with some specimens up to 20 metres tall with a bole 45cm in diameter. The leaves are gathered from the wild for local use as food and medicine. The plant is also cultivated in some areas of the tropics as a hedge plant and roadside tree

Uses

Sprains, Inflammation, Cuts, Burns, Dysentery [1]

Parts Used

Bark, Leaves

Chemical Composition

Common names

Language Common name
Kannada ajashringi, goddi mara, dhumpaarikuratike
Hindi jhingan, kashmal
Malayalam kalasu, kalesjam, karasu, karayam, otiyamaram, thingam, udi
Tamil anaikarai, vodiyar, odiya-maram, odiyan
Telugu goompana chettu, gumpena, oddimanu, dhumpari
Marathi NA
Gujarathi NA
Punjabi NA
Kashmiri NA
Sanskrit ajasringgi, jhingini, gudamanjari, netrashuddhi, jhingi, jivala, kvala, manjari
English Indian ash tree

[2]

Properties

Reference: Dravya - Substance, Rasa - Taste, Guna - Qualities, Veerya - Potency, Vipaka - Post-digesion effect, Karma - Pharmacological activity, Prabhava - Therepeutics.

Dravya

Rasa

Guna

Veerya

Vipaka

Karma

Prabhava

Habit

Tree

Identification

Leaf

Kind Shape Feature
Pinnate alternate Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate, rachis 14.5-62.5 cm long, stout, with a gland at the tip. Pinnae 2-3 pairs, leaflets 8-20, alternate Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, clustered at the end of branchlets, estipulate; rachis 21-27 cm, stout, swollen at base, stellate-hairy pubescent when young; leaflets 7-11, opposite; petiolule 3-5 mm, slender, pubescent; lamina 5-12 x 3-8 cm, oblong, oblong-ovate, oblong-lanceolate or ovate, base oblique, acute or round, apex acuminate, margin entire, lower surface and part of the upper with scattered stellate pubescence, chartaceous; lateral nerves 10-16 pairs, parallel, prominent, puberulent beneath, intercostae reticulate, prominent.

[3]

Flower

Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information
Axillary axillary or terminal racemes Yellowish green 8 male flowers : in compound racemes, 8 mm across; calyx 4-lobed; lobes ovate, imbricate, persistent; petals 4, lanceolate, reflexed, imbricate; disc annular, 8-lobed; stamens 8, inserted below the disc, filaments unequal, subulate, ovary abortive; female flowers : in simple racemes; petals and sepals as in male flowers; stamens very short and small; anthers sterile; ovary superior, ovule pendulous from near the top of the cell.; styles 4; stigma peltate.

Fruit

Type Size Mass Appearance Seeds More information
A drupe 12 mm long ovoid, red; stone hard; seed compressed. {{{6}}}

Other features

List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used

Where to get the saplings

Mode of Propagation

Seeds, Cuttings.

How to plant/cultivate

Seed - it has a short viability and so needs to be sown as soon as possible. Cuttings - very easy, even large branches usually root [4]

Commonly seen growing in areas

Tropical area, Sub tropical area

Photo Gallery

References

External Links

  • [tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Lannea+coromandelica]
  • [1]